Making it easy!

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image copyright Moyan Brenn

You know when you have been waiting and waiting for something but you don’t know what it is exactly? You have been waiting for something that would help you clarify confusion and consolidate true understanding.

You never know, this could be it.

This might be exactly what you’ve been waiting for. This is a short, sharp, quick, summarised version of patterns with SER and ESTAR we have seen so far.

How more exciting could things get?

 

When to use SER …(SOY / ERES / ES)

 

Soy / eres/ es        inglesa                   I’m/ you’re / she’s   English

Soy / eres/ es        española               I’m/ you’re / she’s    Spanish

Soy/ eres/ es         inteligente           I’m/ you’re / she’s      intelligent

Soy / eres/ es        tonta                      I’m/ you’re / she’s    silly

Soy/ eres/ es         baja                        I’m/ you’re / she’s    short

Soy/ eres/ es         alta                        I’m/ you’re / she’s      tall

Conclusion: Choose SER (SOY = I’m /ERES = you’re /ES = she’s) if you are going to use adjectives which describe inherent personality traits or characteristics of people or things. i.e. English, Spanish, intelligent, silly, short , tall, etc.

 

When to use ESTAR  (ESTOY / ESTÁS / ESTÁ )

 

Estoy / estás / está     cansada                 I’m/ you’re / she’s     tired

Estoy / estás / está     enfadada               I’m/ you’re / she’s    angry

Estoy / estás / está     tranquila              I’m/ you’re / she’s    calm

Estoy/ estás / está      casada                  I’m/ you’re / she’s     married

Estoy / estás / está     divorciada            I’m/ you’re / she’s    divorced

Estoy / estás / está     enferma                I’m/ you’re / she’s    ill

Estoy /estás / está     borracha                I’m/ you’re / she’s   drunk

Conclusion : Choose ESTAR   (ESTOY = I’m / ESTÁS = you’re / ESTÁ =  she’s) if you are going to use adjectives which refer to the temporary state  of people or things. I.e. tired, angry, calm, married, divorced,  ill, drunk, etc…..

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SER or ESTAR…Which way to go?

SUMMARY

Spanish people must have quick-thinking minds (but then so have you!) First, they think about the describing word (adjective) they are going to use AFTER the verb TO BE when they describe someone or something. Depending on which type of characteristic they are referring to, they choose to use SER; (SOY/ERES/ES) or ESTAR;  (ESTOY /ESTÁS / ESTÁS).

Please let me know if this helps.

More next time…..

 

 

 

 

 

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