Va (Bah!) Spanish for Beginners. The verb IR : To go

Author’s note: I’m so excited to have been able to add audio files to this article.

Read on and  listen below to how real Spanish people speak  real Spanish!


 

The white lace curtains are twitching in ‘suburbia’.

window_4_by_carroll_jones_iii

White lace curtains…Photo Credit

We’re all wanting to know where’s she going? With whom? For how long? When will she be back?

And so on, and so on…

Would not that be great to be able to say in Spanish?

Maybe not. You’re not a gossip peeking out from behind those lace curtains.

But you really MIGHT  need to talk about where someone goes or where they are going in Spanish at some time soon.

running_young_woman

¿A dónde VA?  Where IS SHE GOING? Photo Credit

To revise the verb  IR : TO GO, take a quick look at a previous post of the First Person Singular of IR : ‘VOY’ : Spanish for Beginners (I go / I’m going)

Also Spanish for Beginners: ¿A dónde vas? can help with an overview of the Second Person Singular of IR : VAS (You go / you’re going)

Moving on now to the Third Person Singular of IR : VA 

(Pronunciation note: The ‘V‘ sound in Spanish is more like a soft ‘B’ sound in English, so VA is pronounced almost like the exclamation in English ‘BAH!

We’ve seen a few times now how Spanish can double up many times for several meanings in English and that’s what makes it so simple!

The single word VA can have several meanings which should make things simple, but it could be confusing, if you know what I mean?

Let’s look at this great word VA,

                                                                                       VA

  • SHE GOES = VA
  • SHE’S GOING= VA
  • HE GOES= VA
  • HE’S GOING= VA
  • IT GOES  (like a dog a cat, a car, a train, an aeroplane etc.)= VA
  • IT’S GOING  (like a dog a cat, a car, a train, an aeroplane etc.)= VA

Is that not amazing??

Remember: IN CONTEXT it will probably be very clear WHO is being referred to to…

but if in doubt you can always add SHE = ELLA or HE = ÉL to your sentence. but Spanish people rely on context and often don’t bother with the HE or SHE words!

VA  even can be used instead of VAS which we saw above, to mean

  • YOU GO
  • YOU’RE GOING

but this use is limited to very polite or formal situations.

(I’ll talk about this issue ‘polite‘ and ‘formal‘ forms of the Spanish verb in a future post.)

So it’s all very clear now how extremely useful this little unassuming word is…

Let’s have some fun making sentences with  VA

Listen to a native Spanish speaker, my daughter Araceli, pronounce each phrase.  Repeat what she says and then listen to the phrase again.

  • Listen to each recording…repeat the phrase in the space provided and then wait to hear the phrase again. How close were you?

Note: Remember “to the…. shop” = A LA…TIENDA (for feminine nouns with ‘ la)

  • Va a la tienda  

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going …to the shop

  • Va a la clase de español

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the Spanish class

  • Va a la peluquería

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the hairdresser’s

  • Va a  casa de Jane

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the house of Jane (Jane’s house)

  • Va a la estación

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the station

  • Va a la plaza

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the Square

Remember “to the…work” = AL…TRABAJO (for masculine nouns with ‘el‘)

  • Va al trabajo

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to (the) work

  • Va al colegio

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to (the) school

  • Va al bar

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the bar

  • Va al mercado

She goes /She’s going /He goes / He’s going…to the market

For more on A LA and AL , see previous post How to say ‘To The’ in Spanish: A la or Al ?

I’m so excited to have been able to add audio files to this article.

Does it really help to listen to a native speaker  carefully and repeat what (and HOW) they speak?

Please let me know in the comments below if you would be interested in listening to more native Spanish speakers in my posts.

I really hope this helps…

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Where on earth are you going? Spanish for Beginners: ¿A dónde vas?

Are you an inquisitive person?

Are you always asking where people have been and where they’re going?

atalante_1_lepautre_louvre_mr_1804

Where on earth is she going?

Do you just LOVE knowing what’s going on with everybody?

PERHAPS NOT…

but even so…you really may need to ask someone this question in Spanish occasionally.

 

 

In a previous post, ‘VOY’ : Spanish for Beginners, we saw the way to use the ‘First Person’ of the verb IR (to go) so it would be really useful to look back at that post to refresh the use of VOY and its two meanings.

DÓNDE = WHERE      A= TO 

‘A DÓNDE`IS USED WHEN ASKING SOMEONE ‘TO WHERE’  THEY ARE GOING

(It’s a funny old world, isn’t it…but that’s what makes languages so interesting!)

We saw in the previous post VOY  had two meanings in English:

VOY = I GO  and  I’M GOING

so in the same way VAS has two meanings in English:

VAS = YOU GO and YOU’RE GOING

(Pronunciation VAS = like BASS in English)

We saw how AMAZINGLY EASY it is to turn any verb form into a question in Spanish and this is a perfect opportunity to learn by heart an extremely common pattern in Spanish conversation.

 

¿A dónde VAS?    VOY a la tienda

¿A dónde VAS?   VOY al bar

 

                                A BASIC CONVERSATION PATTERN

A basic common pattern in any language could be;

Question :  “Where are you going ?”    Answer: ” I’m going to the shop”

 

If you feel you might need to know this conversational exchange, then read on…

because it’s so easy.

 

VAS = YOU GO or YOU ARE GOING

 

To make a question out of this verb form VAS, all we have to do is add a ‘question voice’ when speaking, or up-side-down question marks when writing. SO EASY

 

¿A dónde VAS?    VOY a la tienda      Where are you going? I’m going to the shop.

¿A dónde VAS?   VOY al bar               Where are you going? I’m going to the bar.

 

A different style of question which you can easily use in the early days of learning Spanish would be……

Are you going to the ………..?  Yes, I’m going to the……….

(REMEMBER; A LA = TO THE … using a feminine noun)

¿ VAS A LA TIENDA ?                                           Are you going to the shop?

¿VAS A LA CLASE DE ESPAÑOL?                 Are you going to the Spanish class?

¿VAS A LA PELUQUERÍA?                           Are you going to the hairdresser’s?

¿VAS A LA CASA DE JANE?                       Are you going to the house of Jane ? (Jane’s house)

¿VAS A LA ESTACIÓN?                              Are you going to the station?

¿VAS A LA PLAZA?                                     Are you going to the square?

 

REMEMBER: AL = TO THE   when using a masculine noun

¿VAS AL TRABAJO?                                 Are you going to (the) work?

¿VAS AL COLEGIO?                             Are you  going to the school?

¿VAS AL BAR?                                        Are you going to the bar?

¿VAS AL MERCADO?                            Are you going to the market?

Now it’s time for a real conversation:

vosotros2

Great conversations!

Using feminine noun place-names:

  • ¿ VAS A LA TIENDA ?                             Sí, VOY a la tienda.

Are you going to the shop?                   Yes, I’m going to the shop.

  • ¿VAS A LA CLASE DE ESPAÑOL?        SÍ, VOY  a la clase de español.

Are you going to the Spanish lesson?   Yes, I’m going to the Spanish lesson.

  • ¿VAS A LA PELUQUERÍA?                     Sí, VOY a la peluquería

Are you going to the hairdresser’s?   Yes, I’m going to the hairdresser’s

  • ¿VAS A LA CASA DE JANE?                   Sí, VOY a la casa de Jane.

Are you going to the house of Jane (Jane’s house)?   Yes, I’m going to Jane’s house.

  • ¿VAS A LA ESTACIÓN?                           Sí, VOY a la estación.

Are you going to the station?               Yes, I’m going to the station.

  • ¿VAS A LA PLAZA?                                 Sí, VOY a la plaza.

Are you going to the square?              Yes, I’m going to the square.

 

And using masculine noun place-names

¿VAS AL TRABAJO?                                     Sí, VOY  al trabajo.

Are you going to work?                           Yes, I’m going to work

¿VAS AL COLEGIO?                             Sí, VOY al colegio.

Are you going to school?                    Yes, I’m going to school.

¿VAS AL BAR?                                        Sí, VOY al bar.

Are you going to the bar?                  Yes, I’m going to the bar.

  • ¿VAS AL MERCADO?                           Sí, VOY al mercado

Are you going to the market?            Yes, I’m going to the market.

 

NOW IT’S YOUR TURN

Now for thefun!

  • Repeat the sentences aloud in Spanish. Get used to hearing yourself saying the differents words. It really does help fix the patterns in your mind.
  • See a previous post about the benefits of repetition in language learning; Repeat, repeat, repeat…
  • Make up several  sentences, relevant to your OWN life, using ¿VAS ? A LA or AL.

 

IF YOU NEED ANY HELP, OR JUST MORE CLARIFICATION, LEAVE A COMMENT IN THE BOX BELOW.

I really hope this helps. Let me know if it does.

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘VOY’ : Spanish for Beginners

Sometimes I just can’t believe how cool Spanish is.

Here’s another amazing Spanish word that doubles up for two words in English.

VOY

 

 

 

(The other great word was in a previous post was  Hay: “There’s”  )

long_braid1

I’m going …to the shop now! ¡VOY a la tienda ahora!  Photo Credit

VOY is so useful because it ‘doubles up’ for two concepts in English. That has to be useful, right?

NOTE on pronounciation: VOY ….The ‘V’ letter in Spanish is pronounced as a soft ‘B’ making the Spanish word ‘VOY’ sound more like ‘BOY’ in English!

VOY can mean two things in English:

VOY   = I GO … as in “I go” to Spanish classes on Mondays.

VOY = I’M GOING ...as in “I’m going” to the shop now.

Tell me that this is not going to be one of the most useful words you can learn in Spanish!

It is so worth committing to memory right now!

 

The word VOY in grammar is ‘First Person Singular of the verb’ IR =  “TO GO“.

This verb IR is considered an IRREGULAR VERB , which might sound a bit scary but it’s okay…  it’s so easy to use that it’s a great idea just to learn it as it stands.

You have to trust me on this one!

 

IT MUST LOOK REALLY FUNNY!

IR

(Pronounciation: IR as in the English word EAR, with a strong emphasis on ‘e’  and a bit of a roll on the final ‘r’ as in EEarrr)

There are a few IRREGULAR VERBS in Spanish and IR is one of them.

I would like to give you MY OWN personal definition of what the term “IRREGULAR VERB” means exactly.

‘Irregular verb’ :  a grammatical term denoting the fact that no one, not even the native speakers of the language,  have any  idea how to explain this to anybody because it makes no sense, NOT EVEN TO THEM,  so don’t try to work any pattern or logic into it.

JUST ACCEPT IT!

(More about irregular verbs in a previous post: Tener- TENGO: I’ve got…)

I can imagine it’s hard to get your head around the idea that a verb (an ‘infinitive’ ) is IR morph into VOY, but then our own lovely verb TO GO is quite irregular in the PAST TENSE, when it  changes to ‘WENT’ . 

‘WENT’ bears very little relationship to “TO GO” when you think about it!

HOW WE CAN USE THIS TO OUR GREAT ADVANTAGE IN SPANISH

One way of using this great (albeit irregular) verb (IR) is to talk about something that you do on a habitual, frequent basis:

  • VOY a la clase de español los lunes.     I GO to Spanish classes on Mondays.
  • VOY a la peluquería cada semana.      I GO to the hairdresser’s every week.

Another of using this same  VOY would be when expressing where you are going NOW…..

  • VOY a la tienda                                   I’M GOING to the shop
  • VOY a la casa de Jane                         I’M GOING to the house of Jane (Jane’s house)

 

OR

when you want to talk about somewhere you are going to in the future, e.g.,  tomorrow: (MAÑANA)

  •  VOY a la estación mañana.             I’M GOING to the station tomorrow.
  •  VOY a la plaza mañana.                   I’M GOING to the square tomorrow

NOTE: pronounciation: mañana = manyana

(More about irregular verbs in a previous post: Tener- TENGO: I’ve got…)

                              CALL TO ACTION  (THIS MEANS HOMEWORK!)

Read aloud these few basic sentences for a day or two, then invent your own sentences that are real in your life.

Research now is saying that the more language connections we make to our own private lives, the stronger the connections will be.

GET A LIFE…YOUR OWN LIFE!

Find the words you need to create your own true-to-your-life  sentences.

 

You can use a great on-line resource like SpanishDict.com

or

you can jot down some sentences you would like to speak using this construction in the comments box below and I could help you out with that.

If you know anyone who might be interested in learning how to use VOY, you could share it using the button below.

I really do hope this helps!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to spread gossip…in Spanish

We all like a bit of harmless gossip (chismorreo), don’t we?

No harm to anybody, right?

(Photo: G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection. 1914)

So what harm could there be in chatting about what someone else has or hasn’t got? None whatsoever! 

Join these ladies pictured above having a chat about what their neighbour has or hasn’t got…in Spanish!

Tiene una bicicleta.  She has got… a bicycle

Tiene una amiga.     She has got …a friend (who is a girl) / one friend

Tiene una casa.       She has got …a house / one house

Tiene una flor.        She he has got…a flower / one flower  

Tiene una falda.      She has got…a skirt / one skirt

Tiene una mesa.      She has got …a table / one table

Tiene una bolsa.      She has got…bag / one bag

Tiene una nieta.     She has got…a grand-daughter

 

Now you need to ask for a bit more information to clarify your neighbour’s situation, just so you’re  not ever accused of spreading wicked rumours.

Notice the up-side-down question mark at the beginning of the question.

Also remember to put a questioning lilt (?) in the voice so we all know that they are  questions, otherwise they will sound exactly like the affirmative statements above! 

¿Tiene una bicicleta? Does she have/ has she got …a bicycle?

¿Tiene una amiga?    Does she have/ has she got…a  friend (who is a girl) / one frie72px-vraagteken-svgnd?

¿Tiene una casa? Does she have/ has she got…a house / one house?

¿Tiene una flor? Does she have/ has she got…a flower / one flower?  

¿Tiene una falda?    Does she have/ has she got…a skirt / one skirt?

¿Tiene una mesa?   Does she have/ has she got…a table / one table?

¿Tiene una bolsa?     Does she have/ has she got…bag / one bag?

¿Tiene una nieta?     Does she have/ has she got    a grand-daughter?

 

Poor lass! Now for the list of all the things she hasn’t got…

No tiene una bicicleta.  She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got…a bicycle

No tiene una amiga.    She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got …a  friend (a girl) / one friend

No tiene una casa.       She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got a house / one house

No tiene una flor.       She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got…a flower / one flower  

No tiene una falda.     She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got…a skirt / one skirt

No tiene una mesa.    She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got…a table / one table

No tiene una bolsa.    She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got…a bag / one bag

No tiene una nieta.     She doesn’t have/ she hasn’t got… a grand-daughter 

So after all that chismorreo (gossip), we get to practice those sentences, saying them aloud and repeating them as much as possible. 

To remember the great advantages of repeating aloud sentences in Spanish, see my previous post : Repeat, repeat, repeat…

I hope this helps…

 

Have you got a….bicycle?

We all love having things. You have things…your friends and family have things. Now’s the time to really let them know that you know what they’ve got…

It’s time to tell your son: “But you already HAVE a bicycle!”

ordinary_bicycle01

19th Century bicycle, known as the ‘penny-farthing’ (The big wheel likened to a ‘penny’ and the smaller wheel to a ‘farthing’ = a quarter of a penny)

 

It’s time to tell your friend she is so lucky because she has a bag: “You HAVE a bag!”

It’s time to tell your daughter that she has a skirt, even if she wants a new one:”You HAVE a skirt.”

It’s time to tell your friend that she indeed has a bag: “You HAVE a bag.”

 

Grammatically speaking, this is the ‘second person singular’ of the verb: TENER (to have)

 

Tienes una bicicleta  You have/ You’ve got a bicycle

Tienes una amiga   You have/ You’ve got …a  friend (who is a girl) / one friend

Tienes una casa       You have/ You’ve got…a house / one house

Tienes una flor        You have/ You’ve got…a flower / one flower  

Tienes una falda      You have/ You’ve got…a skirt / one skirt

Tienes una mesa      You have/ You’ve got…a table / one table

Tienes una bolsa       You have/ You’ve got…bag / one bag

Tienes una nieta        You have/ You’ve got…a grand-daughter / one grand-daughter 

Pronunciation, for English speakers: 3 syllables:  TEE-AY-NESS. Once you have mastered   the separate syllables, start rolling them together a bit  faster.

Commit them to memory and then make up your own sentences, imagining you are speaking to a friend or family member.

Use an on-line  dictionary to find more vocabulary of items that make sense in your sentences. (I love Spanishdict.com as it is free and easy to use.)

But what if you want to ASK if your friend or family member has something? In English we have to do all sorts of acrobatics and turn stuff around in our heads just to ask a simple question.

How easy in Spanish, when all you have to do is put on a little bit of a questioning voice???

So when speaking, there is absolutely no difference between the affirmation (saying it affirmatively, positively and a question (or interrogative). Just a questioning lilt is required. In written Spanish, however, you can’t hear the questioning tone, so a clue is given so the reader knows there’s a question coming up. ¿ . An up-side-down question mark! It looks a bit weird, right ¿ . You’ll have to get used to it because it pops up (or down) a lot of the time.  72px-vraagteken-svg72px-vraagteken-svg

¿Tienes una bicicleta?  Do you have/ have you got …a bicycle?

¿Tienes una amiga?   ..Do you have/ have you got ….a  friend (who is a girl) / one friend?

¿Tienes una casa?     .Do you have/ have you got …..a house / one house?

¿Tienes una flor?       .Do you have/ have you got ….a flower / one flower?  

¿Tienes una falda?      …Do you have/ have you got …a skirt / one skirt?

¿Tienes una mesa?      .Do you have/ have you got …..a table / one table?

¿Tienes una bolsa?      .Do you have/ have you got …..bag / one bag?

¿Tienes una nieta?        Do you have/ have you got ……a grand-daughter / one grand-                                                                                                                                             daughter?

 

Ask  aloud all the questions. Commit them to memory and then make up your own questions, imagining you are asking a friend or family member.

Use an on-line  dictionary to find more vocabulary of items that make sense in your questions.

 

DON’T BE SO NEGATIVE!

We spend our lives trying to be more positive, but there area few occasions when we have to succoumb to a bit of negativity!

No tienes una bicicleta   You don’t have/ You haven’t got …a bicycle

No tienes una amiga     You don’t have/ You haven’t got…a  friend (a girl) / one friend

No tienes una casa        You don’t have/ You haven’t got…a house / one house

No tienes una flor        You don’t have/ You haven’t got…a flower / one flower  

No tienes una falda      You don’t have/ You haven’t got…a skirt / one skirt

No tienes una mesa      You don’t have/ You haven’t got…a table / one table

No tienes una bolsa       You don’t have/ You haven’t got..bag / one bag

No tienes una nieta    You don’t have/ You haven’t got..a grand-daughter /one grand-                                                                                                                                                 daughter 

Now you are equipped with a great set of sentences, questions and answers, positive or negative!  Commit them to memory and then make up your own questions, imagining you are talking to a friend or family member.

vosotros2

Asking and answering lots of questions about life!

Now you can invent your own conversations. For example:                                                       Conversation 1:  Have you got a skirt? Yes, I ‘ve got a skirt.                                                     Conversation 2:  Have you got a skirt? No, I haven’t got a skirt, but I’ve got a bicycle.

You can replace words in italics with your own vocabulary to make a conversation.

Use an on-line  dictionary to find more vocabulary of items that make sense in your conversations.

I hope this helps…

Please ask me about any doubts you have about Spanish grammar in comments below.

More next time…

 

Making it easy!

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image copyright Moyan Brenn

You know when you have been waiting and waiting for something but you don’t know what it is exactly? You have been waiting for something that would help you clarify confusion and consolidate true understanding.

You never know, this could be it.

This might be exactly what you’ve been waiting for. This is a short, sharp, quick, summarised version of patterns with SER and ESTAR we have seen so far.

How more exciting could things get?

 

When to use SER …(SOY / ERES / ES)

 

Soy / eres/ es        inglesa                   I’m/ you’re / she’s   English

Soy / eres/ es        española               I’m/ you’re / she’s    Spanish

Soy/ eres/ es         inteligente           I’m/ you’re / she’s      intelligent

Soy / eres/ es        tonta                      I’m/ you’re / she’s    silly

Soy/ eres/ es         baja                        I’m/ you’re / she’s    short

Soy/ eres/ es         alta                        I’m/ you’re / she’s      tall

Conclusion: Choose SER (SOY = I’m /ERES = you’re /ES = she’s) if you are going to use adjectives which describe inherent personality traits or characteristics of people or things. i.e. English, Spanish, intelligent, silly, short , tall, etc.

 

When to use ESTAR  (ESTOY / ESTÁS / ESTÁ )

 

Estoy / estás / está     cansada                 I’m/ you’re / she’s     tired

Estoy / estás / está     enfadada               I’m/ you’re / she’s    angry

Estoy / estás / está     tranquila              I’m/ you’re / she’s    calm

Estoy/ estás / está      casada                  I’m/ you’re / she’s     married

Estoy / estás / está     divorciada            I’m/ you’re / she’s    divorced

Estoy / estás / está     enferma                I’m/ you’re / she’s    ill

Estoy /estás / está     borracha                I’m/ you’re / she’s   drunk

Conclusion : Choose ESTAR   (ESTOY = I’m / ESTÁS = you’re / ESTÁ =  she’s) if you are going to use adjectives which refer to the temporary state  of people or things. I.e. tired, angry, calm, married, divorced,  ill, drunk, etc…..

saragossa-zaragoza_signpost_cropped

SER or ESTAR…Which way to go?

SUMMARY

Spanish people must have quick-thinking minds (but then so have you!) First, they think about the describing word (adjective) they are going to use AFTER the verb TO BE when they describe someone or something. Depending on which type of characteristic they are referring to, they choose to use SER; (SOY/ERES/ES) or ESTAR;  (ESTOY /ESTÁS / ESTÁS).

Please let me know if this helps.

More next time…..

 

 

 

 

 

To Be or not To Be………… in Spanish

gower_memorial_hamlet_2

By Immanuel Giel – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

A great photograph taken in Stratford-upon-Avon, of a sculpture of Hamlet, one of Shakespeare’s most well-known characters.

“To BE or not To BE, that is the point!” one of Shakespeare’s most well-known phrases. Good Ol’ Bill, had no idea it would become famous world-wide and he certainly did not imagine he could have been referring to Spanish grammar when he coined that phrase.

The awful truth of the matter is there are TWO ways of saying “TO BE” in Spanish. We have seen one previously  on my post,  Patterns : SER…and we have seen how to say “I am” = Soy. In Patterns 2 we saw : “You are” = Eres. and in A bit of Gossip we saw: He is = Es  .

Now another verb which renders “TO BE” is called ESTAR and to say “I am” using this new verb is ESTOY.

In summary: In Spanish, the verb “To Be” can be SER or  ESTAR.

So many of my students have battled with concept, just as I did for months before I realised the difference between the two.

 

“To Be” = SER           and                                 “To Be” = ESTAR

So “I am” = SOY        and                                   “I am” = ESTOY

Wait a minute! What’s going on? They’re the same in English but different in Spanish.

To explain again in a different way: For many students of Spanish, this simple little verb, To Be, can be very frustrating.   In previous posts, we learned TO BE was SER and have seen how to translate “I am ” in Spanish :  “SOY”. However the other verb with the same meaning in English, at least, is TO BEESTAR Spanish which means exactly the same:  “I am” =   “ESTOY”

So there are times when “I am” can be ESTOY . We need some examples to show when to use  “ESTOY” to convey “I AM”.

 I am tired              Estoy cansada 

I am angry             Estoy enfadada

 I am calm                Estoy tranquila  

  I am married          Estoy casada

 I am divorced          Estoy divorciada 

I am interested       Estoy interesada 

 I am bored               Estoy aburrida

 I am busy               Estoy ocupada

I am ill                      Estoy enferma 

Please note I am using the FEMININE form of the adjective at the moment. This means I am assuming in these cases that the speaker is female. More on masculine adjectives later. They will just have to be patient.

glaspalast_mc3bcnchen_1891_054

ESTOY ENFERMA (I AM ILL ) by Leo Van Aken , 1851

Can you see a pattern emerging? But still there is the question about WHEN you would use Soy, or when to use Estoy ?

But take a close look at the words, the adjectives which are being used with ESTOY

Tired, Angry, Calm, Married, Divorced , Interested, Bored, Busy, Ill.

These all describes states that are just temporary. In fact, you could put NOW or AHORA beside them to show it’s just a temporary state. 

You are not ALWAYS tired, or calm, or married (!) or divorced (!), interested, bored, busy or ill. This would be when ESTOY is used, as you can see in the examples above. 

The adjectives used in the previous posts with SOY were of a different type: English, Spanish, Intelligent, Silly, Short, Tall, Hard-working, Lazy, Funny, Nice, a Woman, a Man. These are adjectives which describe inherent chatacterstics of a person. What they are like, ALWAYS. 

SUMMARY :  (ALWAYS) I AM = SOY

confused_man

Confused yet?

(NOW)       I AM = ESTOY 

Can you see the new pattern emerging. ?

Is this really confusing?

I would be extremely interested in knowing if this article was useful. I would like to know if I have been able to clarify, in some way, the confusion that often ensues from this grammatical point.  I would really appreciate it  if you would let me know how I could improve the explanation to make it clearer for my students.

More next time…