Are you tired of not understanding the difference between SER and ESTAR in Spanish grammar?
For many people this particular grammar point can lead to a bit of confusion. But trust me…it’s not that bad!
I really hope that I will be able to clarify to some extent when Spanish people use Ser and Estar, and how they come to choose!
In my last post To Be or not To Be… I explained about the difference between SER and ESTAR with examples using the First person singular: i.e. “I am”
These following examples are using the verb ESTAR, because , as we saw in the last post, these sentences are describing a state of a person or a thing, that is a TEMPORARY state, not an inherent characteristic.
The verb we are using this time is ESTAR = TO BE.
(For more information on ‘SER = TO BE’ , To Be or not To Be………… in Spanish
Estás cansada You’re tired
Estás enfadada You’re angry
Estás tranquila You’re calm
Estás casada You’re married
Estás divorciada You’re divorced
Estás interesada You’re interested
Estás aburrida You’re bored
Estás ocupada You’re busy
Estás enferma You’re ill
Please note I am using the FEMININE form of the adjective at the moment. This means I am assuming in these cases that the speaker is female. More on masculine adjectives later. They will just have to be patient.
Please, please tell me you can see a pattern emerging!
More next time…